Which cognitive psychology findings are solid that I can use to help students?

The user is looking for solid cognitive psychology findings that can be applied to education, specifically strategies that have been replicated and are effective in improving learning outcomes. They are interested in building on their existing knowledge and would like a recent book recommendation that provides practical advice for educators who are not psychologists. [summary] [comments]

这是一个从 https://matheducators.stackexchange.com/questions/27839/which-cognitive-psychology-findings-are-solid-that-i-can-use-to-help-my-student 下的原始话题分离的讨论话题